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Life cycle analysis of the biogas originating from energy crops

Recovered as vehicle and boiler fuel, after injection into the natural gas grid

Description du tableau
Organisme : BIO INTELLIGENCE SERVICE, EREP, ADEME
Description : mars 2011 - 29 p. - 122 p.
Type de contenu : Etude, Rapport

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Description du tableau
Résumé : This LCA study was conducted by BioIS-Erep within 2010-2011 on behalf of ADEME. It assesses the impacts of the production of biogas from agricultural use of energy crops in co-digestion with manure type substrates. It examines in particular the use of different crops (maize, sorghum, grasslands, grass strips) with scenarios varying from biogas from energy crops (from 1 / 3 to 90%). Two uses of biogas produced (fuel vehicle and boiler, after injection into the natural gas grid) were studied by comparing each time the impacts of biomethane to those of fossil fuels (natural gas, diesel).

The main conclusions of this study are:

  • these pathways would enable to reduce from 50% to 70% GHG emissions compared to fossil fuels. These estimated results do not take into account land use changes and associated effects. These last ones can reduce the final balance;
  • these pathways would allows gains on the consumption of nonrenewable energy by MJ of product, but they are lower than those for GHG emissions;
  • the incorporation of energy crops results in overall adverse developments with respect to other sectors of fossil impact categories: acidification, eutrophication potential or water consumption.
The study underlines that these transfers of pollution do not exist for grass strips or remain moderate for the most extensive cultures or those offering very good yields of fresh matter per hectare (grassland, sugar beet).

A French version is available.

Détails

Description du tableau
Mots-clés : PROSPECTIVE, METHANISATION, BIOCOMBUSTIBLE, BILAN ENERGETIQUE
Date de mise en ligne : mars 2011
Date d'édition : mars 2011
Langue : EN
Type de support : pdf/A4
Cible(s) concernée(s) : Tout Public
Public : Toutes cibles