The International solar alliance
The first summit of the International solar alliance (ISA), launched by India and France during COP21, was held on 11 March 2018 in New Delhi in the presence of the French President Emmanuel Macron and the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
The use of solar power
© A. BOUISSOU/TERRA
Sixty countries have already agreed to join their efforts to encourage the use of solar power in solar resource rich countries of the intertropical zone. In response to the double-challenge of the high energy demand of developing countries and the fight against climate change, the large-scale use of solar power certainly seems to provide an attractive solution, especially given the fact that the regions that do not have the necessary financial resources to implement this tend enjoy a large amount of sunlight year-round. The International Solar Alliance aims to combine the demands for funding, technologies and innovation across the 121 intertropical countries in order to facilitate the deployment of 1,000 GW of solar generation capacity and 1,000 billion dollars of investments in this sector by 2030.
Over 100 projects identified
“An inclusive approach has enabled the identification of 100 projects linked with the 5 programmes of ISA from the 23 countries who answered to the call for expressions of interest,” said Cécile Gracy, International Climate Initiatives Project Officer at ADEME. The programme “scaling solar applications for agricultural uses” aims to improve yields and economic benefits by bringing about reliable solar power solutions adapted to the needs of and accessible to all farmers. Regarding the “solar mini-grids in islands and villages” programme, the aim is to replicate commercialisation models, adopt common standards and launch requests for proposals for the installation of these mini-grids. The programme “scaling rooftop solar” promotes the development of solar photovoltaics using roof panels and tackles obstacles to its deployment. The innovative topic of solar-powered mobility (roads and vehicles, public transport…) seeks to develop these solutions by sharing the various needs to implement them. The last programme concerns the affordable access to funding. Over 20 heads of states were joined by representatives from 58 countries, international organisations, development banks, private sector and civil society in order to improve efforts to make solar power affordable and accessible to all. 100 priority projects were selected for the first phase of funding. ADEME introduced exemplary projects conducted in partnership in a number of West African countries, as well as projects singled out as part of the “Innovation for access to off-grid renewable energy” call for project proposals. This latter was launched in the context of the Innovation Challenge led by France and India for Mission Innovation and resulted in the selection of 9 projects that will benefit from funding. A number of Club ADEME International members also applied to present their innovative initiatives and solutions to support the large-scale development of solar power.